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Daniel Lindsay and T.J. Martin-Like The Film’s Subjects, Undefeated Directors Defy Odds

Updated: Jul 24, 2023

T.J. Martin and Daniel Lindsay at the New York Press Day for UNDEFEATED.

T.J. Martin and Daniel Lindsay at the New York Press Day for UNDEFEATED.

Daniel Lindsay and T.J. Martin-Like The Film’s Subjects, Undefeated Directors Defy Odds and Get An Oscar Nom

by Brad Balfour

I was glad to have interviewed doc directors Daniel Lindsay and T.J. Martin – whose film Undefeated cleared nearly all the award hurdles and got into that rarefied place of being a Best Documentary Feature nominee – before viewing this year’s Super Bowl. Talking with them made me appreciate the New York Giants’ win even more than expected because I had a fresh understanding of all the barriers to success a player overcomes to get to such big leagues.

This film documents one almost-championship season of a really bottom-the-barrel high school football team from wrong-side-of-the-tracks, inner-city West Memphis, Tennessee.

The severely underfunded, underprivileged Manassas Tigers – they had been hired out as a practice team for more successful, affluent schools – reverse their fortunes thanks to a relatively new coach, Bill Courtney, who, in 2004, came on board and applied what he learned as a former player and salesman to transform wild kids into a team.

The team – and particularly three spotlighted members – goes through trials and tribulations as they break their 110 year losing streak and head to the playoffs.

Undefeated tells of young men who dare to dream dreams that might surprisingly come true. Just like these two relative newcomers who, in getting this Oscar nom, now have real insight into what it takes to achieve the unexpected – as this exclusive interview demonstrates.


It took Steve James in his classic sports doc Hoop Dreams years to capture those dramatic moments. Who had the crystal ball that led you to capture these intense moments even though you had no idea they were going to happen?

Daniel Lindsay: Seth [Gordon], our producer. I’m kidding. I don’t think we ever could have imagined… we just captured lightning in a bottle. That’s all any great documentary is. There has to be an element of luck and have things work out in a certain way. I don’t think we could have predicted how it turned out. We always wanted to make a coming-of-age film, but we also wanted to make a sports film. Plus we wanted to address the education system and how it’s failing these young students. But we were able to speak a lot about these social issues by making this a stronger, intimate character piece that hopefully inspires conversation about class, education and race. We definitely went over a worn path with a story about high school football. Even if they had lost all their games, we would have filmed it anyway. It would just be a different film.

T.J. Martin: In Hoop Dreams, it was about catching up with the guys and spending huge moments of time with them. We embedded ourselves with them and spent every day of nine months with them. Not the same thing, but there’s an intensity in different ways. We got really lucky. But from the beginning, the approach never changed.

Daniel Lindsay: One thing we did knew from the beginning was that we didn’t want to span the course of years. We wanted to capture a special moment in time in adolescence where there are so many possibilities. We can either see those possibilities begin to take shape, or the realities of those possibilities set in. We wanted to film this intimate coming of age story in a way that we would be able to get these personal moments. Because of the way technology has progressed, we can do that. We could shoot for hours and hours. But we used that to our advantage in getting the players so used to us being there that we were just the flies on the wall. They were able to go on with their lives as they normally would and we were able to capture these really intimate moments.

T.J. Martin: We expected little emotional swells here and there, but I don’t think we expected it to be this big.

How did you two work together?

T.J. Martin: We shot and edited everything.


T.J. Martin: Together. Sometimes we would go off and follow other characters, but we edit in the same room right next to each other. I’m sure the people that shared the space next to us thought we were fighting.

Daniel Lindsay: We had really heated conversations.

T.J. Martin: Other people don’t realize that’s how we work through points sometimes. But for us, we’re not upset with each other; we just get very heated and passionate. I remember one time we were so frustrated, and we just couldn’t get the first act together and we had a bit of a dust-up. And I walk out, and I came back in and I’m like, "Man, I’m so sorry. I just wanted to make the best movie ever."

How did you narrow it down to the players you covered?

Daniel Lindsay: Money [Montrail Brown] and OC [Brown] were the first characters we found.

Would you have focused more on OC?

T.J. Martin: The initial interest was doing a movie about OC until Rich Middlemas, our producer, found this article about the Tigers. We still wanted to make a coming-of-age film about OC. Then we met Bill, and then Money, and it kind of mushroomed from there.

Daniel Lindsay: The first thing we ever shot with Money – and this was before we moved there; we were just looking around – we went over to his house, put a mic on him, and said "Show me around your house." So he shows me this corner and says, "These are my pet turtles." I said, "Why turtles?" And what came out of his mouth is in the movie. I was in Memphis, and sent the footage back to TJ, because he was cutting presentation reels and trying to raise money. I said, "Watch this, it’s amazing." Our friends were like, "You told him to say that." And I said, "No, I swear!" So even from the first few moments, there was something special here. Then Chavis [Daniels] became a character because of the way he was affecting the team. There were one or two other guys we followed a bit at first, and one that was actually in the first, six-hour cut of the film. But it felt like it deviated too much to the side.

T.J. Martin: He was probably the hardest to let go, though.

Daniel Lindsay: His name is Joaquin Kahns, and he had lived in 16 or 17 foster homes in four years. He turned 18 at the beginning of the season and the foster system kicked him out, so he was homeless. I hate to think of it so clinically because it breaks your heart. [However,] his story slowed down the film because he was not as much a part of the team as the other guys. We spent a huge amount of time with the rest of the team, even when we knew they weren’t necessarily [going to] be in the rest of the film. It was important for us for our process and to get to know them. For guys that are 16 or 17 years old that want attention, we didn’t want our presence to have a negative effect on the team. If they saw us focusing on OC, Chavis and Money, that might build resentment. So we did interviews with every other player, even though we knew it wouldn’t wind up in the film, but it was about giving them all their chance to get followed around and get mic’ed.

Would you say the toughest parts were what to do with the girlfriends and with the parents?

T.J. Martin: Girlfriends, especially. This is a time in their lives where there’s no reason to exploit… if somebody was following the drama of my high school relationship, ultimately, it’s kind of provocative for provocative’s sake.

Daniel Lindsay: Ultimately if they weren’t affecting the story, I’d see no reason for it. But with the parents, it’s an issue of sensibilities and it’s hard to get ahold of them.

T.J. Martin: Money’s grandma refused to be on. And it wasn’t because she didn’t like us.

Daniel Lindsay: Some of the parents were maybe a little more cognizant of what was happening. The approach we had is that we wanted to tell the kid’s story and have it be from their perspective. There were times when we would interview the parents, and we had some footage, but it doesn’t lend itself to the greater narrative. That was the big thing with this film. From day one, we wanted it to feel like a scripted film. We wanted you to get swept away on this journey.

It is surprising how many of the player’s parents were criminals or had been in jail.

T.J. Martin: North Memphis was once voted – by Forbes Magazine, I believe – the most violent neighborhood in America.

Daniel Lindsay: Most violent crimes per capita.

T.J. Martin: I don’t know if that’s particularly unique to African American males in this country. I don’t think it’s unique to North Memphis but that’s a huge political discussion to get into.

Is that why you put in the local journalist, to add a narrative voice?

T.J. Martin: We needed someone to set the stage. We wanted to capture a moment in time, so we only wanted to give you the elements you needed to make sense of what you were about to watch, because it was just about that season. Jason ended up being very beneficial in that he gave the viewer context for what they were viewing. The funny thing about him is that he did an interview after the nomination came out on the local Memphis news. His dad is in Paradise Lost as one of the newscasters in Memphis, so they had them both on TV talking about their experiences. He thought we were some college kids doing a project and didn’t think anything would come from this with our little cameras.

What about racial tension between the white coaches and the kids or the community?

Daniel Lindsay: That’s something we were very conscious of.

T.J. Martin: We didn’t want to make this a white knight story. That’s another thing that I think is a misconception, too: people would assume a white coach "saves" Black kids. There’s a reason we don’t discuss race. At first, that was a really interesting dynamic to us. But once we got there, we realized it was a non-issue and that there was no reason to discuss it. But at the same time, it’s not like we were [ignoring it]. The same goes for class issues. We set the stage and hope that it elicits a greater discussion, but our job is to show a human-interest story, a character study of sorts. We were very conscious of the prevalence of white knight stories in Hollywood, and that’s something that turns us off. But once we saw Bill and his genuineness, we realized that that’s not what this was. We just presented the story, and it just happens that he’s white and that this is an all-African American school. I do think there's valid criticism on why these films are made. I’m sure there is a volunteer coach that is African American and at an African American school doing similar things to Bill. We just came upon the story because of OC.

More interesting than the race angle is that we have a fatherless coach becoming a father figure to fatherless players.

Daniel Lindsay: That was one of the early things Bill said when we were filming. Bill was microphoned – and I don’t even know if he knew he was – and he was talking to some people at the school. He said, "Well, my own father left me when I was four years old." Later, TJ and I were talking, and we realized [by then] Bill’s a real person, he’s not just a rah-rah football coach, he has a past that means something. Suddenly, this is a bigger story than we thought. There are moments with Bill that aren’t in the film, where he’s talking to a player, and it’s like he’s special; he’s unlike any coach I have ever seen before.

How many years were you covering Bill?

Daniel Lindsay: Just his last season.

T.J. Martin: We were there for a total of nine months.

At season's end he had to leave so he could spend time with his family.

T.J. Martin: That was something we did not know going into the film. People think we knew that this was going to be his last season, but he revealed that to us. We always thought we were just going to get this one little season and life would go on, but it was more like the end of an era. The principal at the school got let go that following year because the state came in and removed half the staff and changed it to a charter school.

Are you staying in touch?

T.J. Martin: I talk to Chavis and Money. Bill calls me at least once a day. I keep up with OC on Facebook, but he’s really busy with football. He’s having problems understanding blocking schemes and such, but he’s doing really well in school. Chavis is in college playing football. He is unbelievable. He is the smartest of all those kids and he has all this energy. He’s a really, really bright kid. He couldn’t speak as fast as his brain was working. I talked to him the other [day]. His maturity has caught up to his intelligence. So I’m talking to him and wondering, "Am I talking to the same guy?" Money’s well. He went for his first year and now he’s back in Memphis. He’s living with coach Ray, the same coach OC lived with, and then he’s going to go back to school. He just had trouble adjusting, I think. Part of it is that he’s not on the football team, and he was the manager of the team, and seeing OC, I think that was hard for him.

You could do a TV series where you revisit these kids. Anyone ever tell you that?

T.J. Martin: No, you’re the first, actually.

Are you excited about the Oscars?

T.J. Martin: Oh yeah.

Daniel Lindsay: Would it be weird if I said no?

How does the nomination change your thinking on your next project?

Daniel Lindsay: I don’t think it will change much. Generally speaking, we’re pretty specific with the projects we take on.

T.J. Martin: If Rich sent us this article to us now, and it was just about the football team, I could see us going, “Eeehhhh.” There is a bit of pressure on us to find something that has the potential to be… or maybe not. I don’t think the Oscar nomination has anything to do with that. That’s our own pressures.

Who will be styling you two?

T.J. Martin: We don’t know. I have a friend that’s a stylist and she was like, "Well, maybe Brooks Brothers."

Copyright ©2012 All rights reserved. Posted: February 17, 2012.

Photo Credits:

#1 © 2012 Brad Balfour. All rights reserved.

#2 © 2011. Courtesy of The Weinstein Company. All rights reserved.

#3 © 2011. Courtesy of The Weinstein Company. All rights reserved.

#4 © 2011. Courtesy of The Weinstein Company. All rights reserved.


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